Currants

CURRANTS Ribes spp. Saxifragaceae Common Names: Currant (English), Johannisbeere (German), Ribes (Danish, Swedish, Italian), Groseille (French), Bes (Flemish). The English word ‘currant’ has been used for this fruit only since 1550, taken from the fruit’s resemblance to the dried currants of Greece, raisins made from a small seedless grape. The Read more…

Edible Hardy Palm Fruits

EDIBLE HARDY PALM FRUITS Palmae Guadalupe Palm Jelly Palm Chilean Wine Palm California Fan Palm Further Reading GUADALUPE PALM Brahea edulis HBK Mart. Common Names: Guadalupe Palm, Guadalupe Fan Palm. Related Species: Mexican Blue Palm (Brahea armata), Palma Dulce (B. dulcis). Origin: Guadalupe palms are native to Guadalupe Island off Read more…

Feijoa

FEIJOA Feijoa sellowiana O. Myrtaceae Common Names: Feijoa, Pineapple Guava, Guavasteen. Related Species: In more recent times Feijoa sellowiana has been renamed Acca sellowiana, but most sources still use the older name. Distant affinity: Eugenias (Eugenia spp.), Guavas (Psidium spp.), Jaboticaba (Myrciaria spp.). Origin: The feijoa is native to extreme Read more…

Fig

FIG Ficus carica L. Moraceae Common Names: Fig (English), Higo (Spanish), Figue (French), Feige (German), Fico (Italian). Related Species: Cluster fig (Ficus racemosa), Sycomore Fig (Ficus sycomorus). Distant Affinity: Mulberry (Morus spp.); Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis Fosb.); Jakfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.); Che; Chinese Mulberry (Cudrania tricuspidata). Origin: The fig is believed Read more…

Gooseberry

GOOSEBERRY Ribes spp. Saxifragaceae Common Names: Gooseberry (English), Stachelbeere (German), Groseille a Maquereaux (French), Uva Spina (Italian), Stekbes (Flemish). Species: American Gooseberry (Ribes hirtellum), European Gooseberry (R. grossularia). Related Species: Currant (Ribes rubrum, R. petraeum, R. sativum), Black Currant (R. nigrum, R. ussuriense), Buffalo Currant (R. aureum). Origin: Gooseberries are Read more…

Hardy Kiwifruit

HARDY KIWIFRUIT Actinidia arguta Actinidiaceae Common Names: Hardy Kiwi, Bower Vine, Dessert Kiwi, Cocktail Kiwi, Tara Vine, Yang-tao. Related Species: Chinese Egg Gooseberry (Actinidia coriacea), Kiwifruit (A. deliciosa), Super-hardy Kiwi (A. kolomikta), Red Kiwi (A. melanandra), Silver Vine (A. polygama), Purple Kiwi (A. purpurea). Origin: The hardy kiwi is native Read more…

Jaboticaba

JABOTICABA Myrciaria spp. Myrtaceae Common Names: Jaboticaba, Jabuticaba, Guaperu, Guapuru, Hivapuru, Sabara, Ybapuru Species: Myrciaria cauliflora Berg., M. jaboticaba Berg., M. tenella Berg., M. trunciflora Berg. Related Species: Guavaberry, Rumberry (Myrciaria floribunda), Yellow Jaboticaba (M. glomerata), Camu-camu (M. paraensis). Blue Grape (M. vexator). Distant affinity: Eugenias (Eugenia spp.), Feijoa (Feijoa Read more…

Jackfruit

JACKFRUIT Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. Moraceae Common Names: Jackfruit, Jakfruit, Jaca, Nangka. Related Species: Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis), Breadnut (A. altilis ‘Seminifera’), Champedak (A. integer), Lakoocha (A. lakoocha), Marang (A. odoratissimus). Distant affinity: Figs (Ficus spp.), Mulberries (Morus spp.), African Breadfruit (Treculia african). Origin: The jackfruit is believed indigenous to the rain Read more…

Jujube

JUJUBE Ziziphus jujuba Mill. Rhamnaceae Common Names: Jujube, Chinese Date, Tsao. Related Specie: Indian Jujube (Ziziphus mauritiana). Distant Affinity: Purple Haw (Colubrina texensis), Raisin Tree (Hovenia dulcis). Origin: The jujube originated in China where they have been cultivated for more than 4,000¬†years and where there are over 400¬†cultivars. The plants Read more…

Kiwifruit

KIWIFRUIT Actinidia deliciosa Actinidiaceae Common Names: Kiwifruit, kiwi, Chinese gooseberry, Yang-tao. Related species: Hardy Kiwi (Actinidia arguta, A. kolomikta), Chinese Egg Gooseberry (A. coriacea), Red Kiwi (A. melanandra), Silver Vine (A. polygama), Purple Kiwi (A. purpurea). Origin: The kiwifruit is native to the Yangtze River valley of northern China and Read more…