Acerola

ACEROLA Malpighia punicifolia L. Malpighiaceae Common Names: Barbados Cherry, West Indian Cherry, Cereza, Cerisier, Semeruco Related Species: Mapighia punicifolia has been renamed M. emarginata by recent authorities. Acerola is listed under M. glabra in the Index of CRFG Publications, 1969-1989. Distant Affinity: Ciruela del Monte (Bunchosia argentea), Ciruela Verde (Bunchosia armeniaca), Nance (Byrsonima crassifolia) Origin:…

Apricot (Low-Chill)

APRICOT Rosaceae Prunus armeniaca Apricot performance in low chill locations Common Names: Apricot, damasco, albaricoque Related Species: Plum (such as European plum, Prunus domestica, or the Japanese plum, Prunus salicina), Peach (Prunus persica), Cherry (such as wild cherry, Prunus avium, sour cherry, Prunus cerasus), Almond (Prunus dulcis), or the Capulin (prunus salicifolia). Distant affinity: Rose…

Avocado

AVOCADO Persea species Lauraceae Common Name: Avocado, Alligator Pear (English); Aguacate, Palta (Spanish) Origin: The avocado probably originated in southern Mexico but was cultivated from the Rio Grande to central Peru before the arrival of Europeans. Species: Guatemalan (Persea nubigena var. guatamalensis L. Wms.), Mexican (P. americana var. drymifolia Blake), West Indian (P. americana Mill….

Babaco

BABACO Carica pentagona Heilborn Caricaceae Common Names:Babaco, Mountain Papaya. Related Species: Papayuelo (Carica goudotiana) Orange Papaya (C. monoica), Papaya (C. papaya), Toronchi (C. pubescens), Chamburro (C. stipulata). Hybrids of Babaco and other Carica spp. also exist. Distant Affinity: Papaya Orejona (Jacartia mexicana), Mamao (J. spinosa). Origin: The babaco is presumed to have originated in the…

Banana

BANANA Musa species Musaceae Common Names: Banana, Bananier Nain, Canbur, Curro, Plantain Origin: Edible bananas originated in the Indo-Malaysian region reaching to northern Australia. Species: Musa acuminata Colla, M. X paradisiaca L. (hybrid) Related species Abyssinian Banana (Ensete ventricossum Cheesman), Musa balbisina Colla, M. ornata Roxb., M. textilis Nee Adaptation Bananas and plantains are today…

Cape Gooseberry

CAPE GOOSEBERRY Physalis peruviana L. Solanaceae Common Names: Cape Gooseberry, Goldenberry, Husk Cherry, Peruvian Ground Cherry, Poha, Poha Berry. Relates Species: Clammy Ground Cherry (Physalis heterophylla), Tomatillo (P. ixocarpa), Purple Ground Cherry (P. philadelphica), Strawberry Tomato (P. pruinosa), Ground Cherry, Husk Tomato (P. pubescens), Sticky Ground Cherry (P. viscosa). There is considerable confusion in the…

Capulin Cherry

CAPULIN CHERRY Prunus salicifolia HBK. Rosaceae Common Names: Capulin Cherry, Capulin, Capuli, Tropic Cherry. Related Species: Sweet Cherry (Prunus avium), Western Sand Cherry (P. besseyi), Myrobalan Plum (P. cerasifera), Sour Cherry (P. cerasus), European Plum (P. domestica), Beach plum (P. maritima), Japanese Plum (P. salicina), Nanking Cherry (P. tomentosa), Common Chokecherry (P. virginiana) and others….

Carambola

CARAMBOLA Averrhoa carambola L. Oxalidaceae Common Names: Carambola, Starfruit. Related Species: Bilimbi (Averrhoa bilimbi L.). Origin: The carambola is believed to have originated in Sri Lanka and the Moluccas, but it has been cultivated in southeast Asia and Malaysia for many centuries. Adaptation: The carambola is classified as subtropical because mature trees can tolerate temperatures…

Che

CHE Cudrania tricuspidata Bur. ex Lavallee Moraceae Common Names: Che, Chinese Che, Chinese Mulberry, Cudrang, Mandarin Melon Berry, Silkworm Thorn. Distant Affinity: Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis), Jackfruit (A.¬†heterophyllus), Fig (Ficus spp.), Mulberry (Morus spp.), African Breadfruit (Treculis africana). Origin: The che is native to many parts of eastern Asia from the Shantung and Kiangson Provinces of…

Cherimoya

CHERIMOYA Annona cherimola Mill. Annonaceae Common Names: Cherimoya (U.S., Latin America), Custard Apple (U.K. and Commonwealth), Chirimoya, Chirimolla. Related species: Ilama (Annona diversifolia), Pond Apple (A. glabra), Manrito (A. jahnii). Mountain Soursop (A. montana), Soursop (A. muricata), Soncoya (A. purpurea), Bullock’s Heart (A. reticulata), Sugar Apple (Annona squamosa), Atemoya (A. cherimola X A. squamosa). Distant…